With the tariff of gas hovering throughout the four dollar a gallon mark, consumer demand for electric vehicles are at an all time high. Manufactures are giving an answer to this demand using a array of cost effective, low emissions power vehicles. Projections estimate that by 2012, twenty new models is going to be open to the public and that from the year 2015 you will have over three million electric vehicles traveling worldwide. Combine that with the do it yourselfers converting vehicles to electric plus you’ve got a tremendous need for EV charging stations emerging. The questions that keep popping up are what are the different methods to charge my electric vehicle? where can I recharge? In the end what good is an electric vehicle in case you have no place to charge it.
The infrastructure for EV charging is its infancy but starts growing rapidly. This new wave of electrical vehicles entering industry has established consumer demand for charging stations where consumers work, eat, shop and play. Municipalities are starting to include EV charging locations on their city owned buildings and parking garages. Retailers start to include EV charging stations to help draw and retain customers. With time this supply should catch up for the demand. You can find three forms of charging methods available. Here is a summary of the items they’re and exactly how they work.
Level 1 Charging. This is the most basic EV charging station and it is done with conditions regular household electrical socket with 120 volts at 15 or 20 amps. This is actually the slowest charging method providing about 4 miles by the hour. Typically this would be useful for a weekend charge or in the case of your emergency. Like this to recharge a complete size electric vehicle like the Nissan Leaf would take about 16 to twenty hours.
Level 2 Charging. Level 2 charging stations recharge faster than level 1 charging stations since they work with a 240 volt circuit at 16 to 70 amps, similar to that employed to power an electrical stove or dryer. This charging station would typically be applied out home and at public ev charging locations. Level 2 chargers can recharge the full size electric vehicle in 3 to 8 hours.
Level 3 Charging. Level 3 charging stations, sometimes known as DC fast charge, or DC quick charge operate at 480 voltsDC and 125 amps. Here is the fastest method available to date and can charge a full size electric vehicle to 80% in 28 minutes, with a full charge taking slightly longer. Public level 3 charging stations are rare, partly due to their huge cost; a quantity 3 charger may cost over $100,000 rather than a $3000.00 level 2 charger. Level 3 chargers will recharge a vehicles battery quickly, however repeated use will degrade the batteries so it just isn’t meant to replace overnight charging in your house. It ought to be accustomed to supplement level 2 charging longer trips.
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